Lymphoma is one of the most cancers in the U.S. The lymphatic system, an important part of the immune system, is negatively impacted by lymphoma when white blood cells called lymphocytes abnormally reproduce and grow. In healthy bodies, cells die and provide space for new cells, but not in lymphoma-affected cells. There are many types of lymphoma, each with different features that affect not only diagnosis and treatment of the disease, but also its symptoms.
The two most common types of lymphoma are Hodgkin’s and non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma, and there are four different stages of lymphoma. During stage 1 and 2, lymphoma is classified as early stage, while during stage 3 and 4, it is known as advanced lymphoma.
Patients suffering from early phases of the disease experience fewer exacerbated symptoms and have better prospects and health outcomes.
Lymphoma’s Early Disease Signs
The first signs of lymphoma are swollen but painless lymph nodes, which can appear in any part of the body, but are more common in the neck, armpit, and groin. The lymph nodes or tissues become swollen due to the disease, which can also occur in other sites like the spleen. Not only are swollen lymph nodes one of the first signs of the disease, they can also be the only one. In fact, in cases of slow-growing lymphoma, also known as indolent lymphoma, symptoms are barely noticeable and may go unnoticed for years.
Other symptoms may be experienced during the early stages of lymphoma as a result of the swelling. Enlarged lymph nodes can cause swelling of a limb when it presses a vein or lymphatic vessel, as well as pain, numbness, or tingling in a nerve, and loss of appetite when the node presses against the stomach. A swollen spleen can also cause pain or discomfort in the abdomen.
Lymphoma Signs in Advanced Cases
In more severe cases of lymphoma, the signs associated with the disease are also more exacerbated. To help diagnose advanced lymphoma, one of the factors is the existence of B symptoms. These advanced signs include night sweats, fevers, chills, lack of energy and fatigue, unexplained weight loss or consistent itching. The symptoms may not occur all at once, but they are accompanied by the symptoms of early stages.
Advanced lymphoma indicates that the disease has spread and there are cancerous lymphocytes in other sites rather than just the lymphatic system, which means that the symptoms are not only more severe, but also felt in additional parts of the body. Despite the fact that there are numerous signs that indicate the disease, these signs may also be indicators of other conditions. In addition to the symptoms, physicians will conduct a series of tests to diagnose the disease.
Note: Lymphoma News today is strictly a news and information website about the disease. It does not provide medical advice, diagnosis, or treatment. This content is not intended to be a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnosis, or treatment. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health provider with any questions you may have regarding a medical condition. Never disregard professional medical advice or delay in seeking it because of something you have read on this website.